Muddying the Waters


One of the many issues that the young man will have to learn how to deal with over the course of his life is how to deal with interpersonal conflict. I am convinced that one of the reasons why Proverbs is addressed to the young man is because if he sows to the Spirit in his youth, then he will also reap from the Spirit in his old age (see Gal. 6:7-9). Young men face great temptations and young men are establishing patterns of faithfulness that will affect them for the rest of their lives. It is the young man whom Jesus calls to follow after Him for wisdom. Wisdom cries out to the young man in the public square when he is standing there wondering which way to walk (Prov. 1, 7:24-27).

I want to get a couple possible misconceptions out of the way before I get to the point. When applying Scripture, we must be filled with the Spirit of Christ who is the Spirit of wisdom. In other words there is a way to be dumb in the application of Scripture. We don’t simply hold to the doctrine of Scripture alone, but the entirety of Scripture (sola Scriptura and tota Scriptura). We seek to understand things in their context. There are other passages in the Book of Proverbs which balance out those who might take a rash approach to Prov. 25:26. For example, there are many verses which condemn contentiousness and getting into unnecessary fights. Just think of Prov. 26:17: “Whoever meddles in a quarrel not his own is like one who takes a passing dog by the ears.” Many more could be stated. But I digress.

Ashley and I just read Proverbs 25:26 at the dinner table: “Like a muddied spring or a polluted fountain is a righteous man who gives way before the wicked.” This struck me, because this sounds dangerous. Isn’t it better to avoid a conflict? Aren’t we supposed to be peace-makers? Isn’t it better for the unity of the group to live and let live? Isn’t it better to just apologize and move on? These are many of the questions that might come to mind in the context of this passage. These are not bad questions. 

I have been trying to get a better understanding from the Hebrew. The first image is of a well that has been trampled in, so it raises up the dirt, and filled the drinking water with silt. The second image is of a fountain that has been purposely fouled. The man is a righteous man who trembles or shakes or quakes before the face of the wicked. To give way is to back down out of fear. But notice the connection between the second clause and the first clause. That man who actively gives way is compared to that well that has been trampled in. He is compared to that spring that has been fouled. The drinking water is good for nothing. The salt has lost its flavour. The light has been put out. 

I imagine here a situation with a bully in a high school or a grade school. Another guy has stepped between him the person he is bullying. He realizes too late that the bully has 50 lbs on him and has been going to the gym 3x a week. So he stands down and watches the other guy get kicked around. That young man is like a well that has been trampled in and a spring that has been fouled. He has effectively muddied the waters himself by backing down. 

This reminds me of a popular quote from Jordan Peterson: “A harmless man is not a good man. A good man is a very dangerous man who has that under voluntary control.” I would simply edit the end of this quote with words from Galatians 6: “A good man is a very dangerous man who is under the control of the Spirit and not of the flesh.” Someone might contend with the word “dangerous”, but then I should point out that in the Old Testament whenever the Spirit comes upon a man, he goes to war. The principalities and powers in the heavenly places should flee before the church when it is in the armour of God. A dangerous man is someone who does not stand down before wickedness. 

Wickedness should be terrified by righteousness. Light should shine in the darkness. Christian men should fear God and not men. Wisdom must come into conflict with folly. Truth should militate against error.

There is a time for everything. There is a time to stand down. But don’t muddy the waters. Don’t trample in the well. Don’t poison the spring. Don’t be that poison spring. Don’t be that muddy well. This is what Christ calls His followers to. He calls you away from that spirit of cowardice that stands down when someone is coming at you to intimidate you on a point of godliness. Sure, Christ was perfect and we are not. But He gives us His Spirit, He forgives us for the times that we have stood down before wickedness, and we have the mind of Christ through union with Him. Christian men are in this struggle together, because all must learn to rely on Christ more and more. 

So beg Christ for His Spirit of wisdom, call out for insight and raise your voice for understanding, and then take a stand.

Photo by Richard Bell on Unsplash



Can you be a gay Christian? As debates over sexuality rage in North America, these debates start coming into strongly evangelical and Reformed denominations. It is interesting to see Christians point the finger at each other, because undoubtedly you can be sure that this debate is coming to a church near you. Satan doesn’t care about denomination, his sole goal is to undermine faithful churches. We must remember this as well in defending the truth about how the gospel transforms sexuality. The Apostle Paul warns the church in Corinth: “Therefore let anyone who thinks that he stands take heed lest he fall.” (I Cor. 10:12)

Nevertheless, the truth does need to be defended. What has been happening in Reformed and evangelical churches in the last 10 years, is an effort to redefine terms. Sure, even the most conservative Reformed and evangelical churches are not beyond criticism in their dealings. But I don’t think that is the point here. The point is a way of speaking and a type of language that is being promoted. I agree with the report from the CREC churches, that while patient pastoral care should be promoted, “any teaching that combines LGBTQ identity with identity in Christ is completely unbiblical.” Of course, if a teaching is not Biblical then it is also not pastoral. 

This really is the debate of our time. It is a debate over identity. One minister who is at the center of this debate in Reformed and evangelical churches is Pastor Greg Johnson. He has taken up this debate in the Presbyterian Churches of America. He is a major voice in the Revoice conferences and at the last General Assembly of the PCA. I simply want to reflect on what he is saying. In particular, I want to focus on what he is saying about identity.

Following the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of America, he tweeted that his “conflict is with Nashville Statement article 7”, not with his “fathers and brothers”. So what does Nashville Statement, Article 7, say about identity? Here the Nashville Statement affirms “that self-conception as male and female should be defined by God’s holy purposes in creation and redemption as revealed in Scripture.” They deny “that adopting a homosexual or trans-gender self-conception is consistent with God’s holy purposes in creation and redemption.”

I am genuinely interested in what his fight with article 7 is. Notice the language that is used in article 7 of the Nashville Statement, that the sense of identity in homosexuality or trans-gender is not consistent with God’s holy purposes in creation and redemption. Notice that the article does not deny the struggle with this fallen world. Like the CREC Statement, the Nashville Statement will not back down on God’s written norm for sexuality: “The CREC affirms the Bible’s teaching on the creation of man and woman and the establishment of the marriage relationship as only between one man and one woman. There are two sexes, male and female. We stand against all attempts to confuse the Bible’s clear teaching in this area.”

The Apostle Paul’s conception of the Christian identity is pretty straightforward. He states in II Cor. 5:17: “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.” This is the only logic that makes sense to me. Let’s say a pastor struggles with SSA, let’s say a young man in the church is struggling with homosexual temptation. To conceive of one’s own identity as being rooted in the fallen creation really would then be militantly opposed to the pattern of the gospel. On the other hand, to recognize the power of the sinful nature and the need to fight would be to recognize the struggle against sin in a fallen creation. And then to rest in an identity that is found in Christ and fight in Christ would be to live the gospel boldly and faithfully in a fallen world. But it cannot be both an identity in Christ and an identity in sin. Again, the Apostle Paul simply speaks the gospel in Gal. 2:20: ” I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.”

I have yet to be convinced that a fight with article 7 of the Nashville Statement is consistent with the nature of the gospel. I have yet to be convinced that a fight with article 7 of the Nashville Statement is pastoral. 

I am more inclined to perceive Pastor Johnson’s tweet as being contrary to the pattern of the Gospel described in the New Testament. If the Apostle Paul, in the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, conceives of the Christian as a new creation, then is it right for Pastor Johnson to conceive of a Christian as a homosexual (which is a result of a fallen creation)? If someone were to struggle with anger, then is it right for that one to conceive of himself/herself as an angry Christian? Should a man who has struggled with serial adultery describe himself as an adulterous Christian? Should a pedophile describe himself/herself as a pedophilic Christian? In every case the identities are at odds with each other. The insanity grows when we compare this with less “acceptable” sins.

Rather, let us consider what the Apostle Paul says on the radical change in identity that the gospel brings about: “And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.” (I Cor. 6:11)

Do You Work Wonders for the Dead? A Book Review of Depression: A Stubborn Darkness



“Do you work wonders for the dead? Do the departed rise up to praise you? Selah… Are your wonders known in the darkness, or your righteousness in the land of forgetfulness? (ESV)”1 (Psalm 88:10, 12). This Psalm of the Sons of Korah captures the powerful emotions in the despair of the Christian who must travel through the dark paths and alleyways of depression. Does God remember? Is there love? Must I suffer on this lonely island of despair? Even the closing words of this beautiful psalm express these words of struggle and wrestling: “You have caused my beloved and my friend to shun me; my companions have become darkness.” (Psalm 88:18)

Dr. Edward T. Welch writes about the difficult matter of depression in his book Depression: A Stubborn Darkness. He brings the expertise of years as a Christian counselor and as a teacher at Christian Counseling Educational Foundation (CCEF) to the table. He is also an example of a mature family man, with a wife and two daughters. In this book, he focuses on the spiritual aspect to depression, while recognizing and encouraging his readers to see that there may also be medical and other factors at play as well. As a Christian counsellor, he ensures that the good news of Jesus Christ will play a prominent role in the wreckage and brokenness of the mind. As such, that gospel does not only provide hope in the middle of physical brokenness, but also lays out the path of healing and transformation from sinful patterns of the mind and the heart.


a. Introduction

In the introduction, Dr. Welch does three things: he explains the path, the feeling of depression, and gives some definitions and causes. He paints a positive picture of the one who suffers depression as a pilgrim following the call of God and even shares the example of Psalm 88 as a prayer which one might speak to God along the way. The feeling of depression is often described as “Hell,” as a place of abandonment. The images are full of darkness, pain, meaninglessness, lifelessness, numbness sometimes leading to thoughts of suicide. The preacher, Charles Spurgeon, wrestled with episodes of depression and once said: “I could weep by the hour like a child, and yet I knew not what I wept for.”2 Dr. Welch also explains the types of depression. From less severe to more severe they are described as: discontent, dysthmic disorder, situational depression, hopelessness, major depressive disorder, clinical depression.3 It is important for the Christian to describe his/her feelings. Depression should also be approached carefully, and while medication might be one aspect to the answer, Dr. Welch does not want this to become the only plan of attack.

b. Part One: Depression is Suffering

Depression is suffering and we see many cases of suffering in the Scriptures and in the world with various causes including ourselves, other people, our bodies, Satan, and even God’s will brings us through suffering (most of these causes are unknown at the time). Often God is challenged and questioned during this time of suffering, and the one suffering should recall the sufferings of Christ for an unworthy people as well as the goodness of God at the cross of Jesus Christ. And so the response to suffering (like the men of Psalm 88) should be to cry out to God, after all, this is what Jesus Christ also did on the cross. We can put the words of these Psalms in the mouth of Jesus on the cross (like Psalm 22). While depression turns inward, the Christian response is to call out to God and make war in Christ. This is done by realizing the lies of Satan and speaking the truth of forgiveness and life in Scripture. The depressed individual must remind himself/herself of the promises of God daily. In those promises the Christian finds purpose in glorifying God and loving Him and keeping His commandments. And so, while depression is calling for complete surrender, the Scriptures are calling the Christian to persevere through the battle.

c. Part Two: Listening to Depression

There is a necessary self-honesty as the Christian listens to what his/her depression is saying: where does what my depression is saying to me depart from the truth revealed in Scripture? Here, Dr. Welch works with the various causes for depression while recognizing also how the fall of Adam has affected our physical bodies and not just our spiritual health. He speaks about how a culture of decisions, individualism, self-indulgence, the idolatry of happiness, and entertainment/boredom affects us as Christians. He then discusses the natural inclinations of the heart: pride, autonomy, various lusts, covetousness. In his discussion of the unveiling of the heart, he talks about the wilderness of depression, and finding joy in Christ in the wilderness. In chapters 15-20 he responds to a number of issues that might factor into causes for depression: fear, anger, dashed hopes, failure and shame, guilt and legalism, and also death. In all this, he returns to the central comfort of the Christian life. Even in times when the Christian turns to suicidal thoughts, the only comfort is Jesus Christ (HC, LD 1).

d. Part Three: Other Help and Advice

Here, Dr. Welch first deals with the matter of medical treatments. This is important for those who might feel threatened by his spiritual-oriented approach. He does indeed recognize the person in his/her entirety, including body and soul. He remarks that antidepressants have helped many people but not all people. He then admits that it is unclear whether medication or counseling works better. He cautions about long-term use, side-effects, and thinking that medication is the answer. Obviously, this might be linked to other medical problems, so medical examinations are important. He follows this with some encouragement for how to help as a community: including thoughtfulness, seeking help, and working on a positive lifestyle (I.e. structure in exercise and sleep). He then lays out some strategies and suggests that people should expect to be surprised by the power of love.

e. Part Four: Hope and Joy: Thinking God’s Thoughts

In this final section, Dr. Welch encourages the reader to develop specific virtues as they press forward in hope and joy. He offers the example of a comedy, where Jesus really does triumph in the end, which then gives cause for humility in the face of suffering. This humility also comes accompanied by hope in the final return of Jesus Christ after His triumph at the cross and resurrection. This hope and humility is accompanied by gratitude for what God is doing even in the difficult situations of life. Finally, Dr. Welch concludes with a warm note of encouragement to the reader as he expresses his love and desire that the grace of God would be with readers in their suffering and as they assist others in their suffering.


I would highly recommend the work of Dr. Welch to Christians who are wrestling with the various degrees and causes of depression. He recognizes the person as body and soul rather than reducing the matter of depression to one issue. Not only is he deeply aware of the human condition, but he also has a grasp of the gospel and how that applies to the human condition. He expresses an awareness of the thoughts and doubts that those going through depression have to wrestle with. He shows a sensitivity to the trials of those suffering depression and provides goals and hope in the middle of the intense suffering of depression.

I appreciated Dr. Welch’s focus on helping people work through the spiritual questions at play. After all, he is not a psychiatrist or a doctor, but a Christian Counselor. One of my concerns with the modern movement against depression is that there is a tendency to think of it as purely physical. The classic analogy that I have heard from Christians is that depression is akin to a broken arm. While this comparison works in the sense that the brain and an arm are both physical, the brain is also affected by things such as stress and fear in a way that an arm is not affected by stress and fear. The point is not to make the Christian feel guilt and shame as a result of physical things such as a lack of iron in the blood or a thyroid that is malfunctioning, but to help the Christian be self-honest with other factors that may be at play in this depression.

While Dr. Welch talks briefly about antidepressants towards the end of the book, as well as other matters on how to deal with the physical side of depression, I would encourage those who read this book to read broadly. This could include articles on the Gospel Coalition and Desiring God websites, but also to find resources on antidepressants, psychotropic drugs, and other ways of dealing with depression. This could include talking with doctors and nurses where possible. I appreciate that Dr. Welch brings out the fact that people are both positively and negatively affected by antidepressants, and that in spite of either effect, he wants to help them deal with whatever spiritual matters are at play.

While he does make remarks on goals to make in the middle of depression, I believe that there could be more practical advice in the area of not just thought patterns, but also lifestyle. Sleep, eating and exercise patterns are all very important things to think about in the area of depression. In this area, good friends are important as well. Finding friends who avoid both flattery and who refrain from harsh criticism, are also necessary for a positive approach to self-honesty. Finding time to walk in nature and good company to fellowship with, do amazing things to lift a heavy heart. I have found a lot of practical advice in this area in the Book of Proverbs, and I would suggest Proverbs as a good place to start in Scripture in examining the matter of depression. It gives clarity for how to live life in the middle of the fog and those who are committed to following its path will find clarity even in the brokenness of the mind.

A Brief Thought on Psalm 88:

Reading Psalm 88 can provide biblical expression for the pain that a depressed person is feeling. It also lays out the path to cry out to God in the midst of suffering. But without interpreting it with Christ at the center, it can be hard to understand. Christ suffered everything and worse than what the depressed person is going through. On the cross, He really was forsaken by His father. When Jesus finds Himself alone and when the Father turns His face away, these words could describe His state of mind: “O LORD, why do you cast my soul away? Why do you hide your face from me?” (Psalm 88:14) But because He rose from the dead, we now know that the end experience of the Christian life is not the cross, but the resurrection of the dead.


Depression: A Stubborn Darkness is an excellent book for Christians to read as they reflect on how the gospel applies to their suffering. It might be a long path ahead, with many twists and turns, through dark paths marshes which reek of death. But even during those times, we see an objective promise for the sufferer to cling to in Scripture. This promise is that the Great Shepherd will be with His faltering sheep: “Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me.” (Psalm 23:4) God is often at work in our darkest times, guiding us with His staff and disciplining us with His rod. This is the great comfort that Dr. Welch brings out in this book, and it is a comfort that every man and woman can experience.

1 All Bible references will be from

2 Edward T. Welch, Depression: A Stubborn Darkness (Greensboro: New Growth Press, 2004), 21.

3 Ibid., 28.